Utah Court of Appeals
2005 UT App 285, 116 P.3d 978
A variance may be granted only if all of the following five criteria listed in the Utah Code support a finding that the zoning requirement should be modified.
a. literal enforcement of the ordinance would cause an unreasonable hardship;
b. there are special circumstances attached to the property;
c. granting the variance is essential to the enjoyment of a substantial property right;
d. the variance will not substantially affect the general plan and is not contrary to the public interest; and
e. the spirit of the zoning ordinance is observed.